alexa Abstract | Investigation of phylloplane mycoflora of some vegetable crops

Asian Journal of Plant Science & Research
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Abstract

India is one of the largest vegetable producing country in the world. Vegetables such as Brinjal, Ladies finger, Tapioca, Amaranthus, Murraya, etc are extensively used in Mahe for the food purpose. Pathogens adversely affect the production and quality of vegetables. The leaf borne fungi are one of the major causes of serious diseases in crops because of poor health and quality of vegetables. To realize this aspect the study has been undertaken to find out the phylloplane mycoflora employing BPT and PDA method. The phylloplane mycoflora ofvegetables is enumerated in the present communication. Leaves samples of different vegetables showed varied level of fungal incidence in both culture methods. A totals of 15 fungal types were observed in PDA culture method viz; Cladosporium cladosporioides(98.8%), Penicillium funiculosum(74.4%), Aspergillus flavus(57.6%), P. notatum(46.8%), A. niger(40.4%), Fusarium oxysporum(35.2%), Penicillium sp(34.4%), A. fumigatus(28.4%), P. frequentans(20%), Cercosporasp(15.6%), Rhizopusstolonifer(2.4%), Helminthosporiumsp (1.6%), Alternaria alternata(1.6%), Curvularia lunata(0.8%) and Rhizopus sp(0.4%). On the other hand on BPT method a total of 11 fungal species were reported in varied level of incidence viz; Cladosporium cladosporioides (26.4%) Fusarium oxysporum (24.4%), Cercosporasp (23.6%), Alternaria alternate (9.2%), Curvularia lunata (5.6%), Aspergillus niger (4.8%), Rhizopus sp(2.8%), Helmintho sporium sp(4.8%), Penicillium sp (1.2%), R. stolonifer (0.4%) and P. funiculosum(0.4%).

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Author(s): Mari Bhat M and and Anusree M E

Keywords

Incidence, phylloplane, mycoflora, vegetables, Plant Biotechnology

 
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