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Mini Review Open Access
Introduction: Normal aging is considered the harmonious senile development and decay of the tissues and the body organs. During the third age are develop significant nutrition problems. Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study is to highlight the effects of obesity and malnutrition in the health of elderly.
Material and review methods: The study material was based on recent articles, at least, the latest five-year related articles that were extracted mainly from the international database Medline and Hellenic Academic Libraries (HEAL-Link). Exclusion criterion of articles was the language, other than the Greek and English.
Results: Obesity and malnutrition are two major problems that afflict the elderly and according to the studies of obesity are increasing in ages 60-69 and 70-79 and only the people over 85 maintain a relatively constant weight. Furthermore, based on studies, malnutrition reaches almost 23% of the population with an average age of 80 years. The highest rate of malnutrition is found in institutions or nursing homes (50.5%) and less in the community (5.8%). Nearly one third of elderly patients admitted in to the hospital for any reason have malnutrition problems.
Conclusion: Proper nutrition is a basic concern for third age citizens because over the years some nutritional peculiarities may appear as obesity and malnutrition that can cause significant problems in the elderly health.
Obesity, Malnutrition, Eating disorders, Third age, Diagnostic Accuracy, Health Promotion