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This study was conducted to know the maternal risk factors and outcome of low birth weight babies in Paediatric Department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Orissa. Two hundred cases of low birth weight babies irrespective of gestational age, without any congenital anomalies were included, after informed consent. Detailed history regarding maternal risk factors were taken and clinical examination done in all cases. Mothers height and weight were recorded. The babies were followed up during this hospital stay to determine the morbidity and mortality. Low maternal weight, multiparity, low socio economic status, illiteracy, inadequate antenatal care, maternal anemia, maternal malnutrition, maternal hypertension and PROM were the maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight babies. The most common cause of morbidity and mortality in low birth weight babies were sepsis, MODS, HIE, RDS, NEC, hypoglycemia, PDA, IVH, meningitis and feeding difficulties. Identification of high risk factors and appropriate management can reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality.
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Author(s): Maheswari K Narendra Behera
Low birth weight, Intrauterine growth restriction, Maternal risk factors, Neonatal mortality, Outcome