alexa Abstract | Modeling Susceptible Districts in GIS for Managing the Repair and Maintenance of Ancient Monuments

European Journal of Experimental Biology
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Research Article Open Access

Abstract

Iran has many significant signs of historical urbanization. These signs include historical monuments and ancient buildings. It is imperative to protect these signs, for they are always susceptible to natural disasters and human interference. Thus, there has been an increasing need for an all-embracing approach to natural disasters and their consequences. The historical city of Tabriz is considered as one of the earthquake zones of Iran due to its vicinity to active dextral faults. Meanwhile, the municipality of District 8 of Tabriz, which is known as the historical and cultural municipality in Tabriz, has priceless historical places, a rusty fabric, and heavy traffic and the historical buildings of the city are always threatened by natural and unnatural disasters. In the present research, weighted index overlay analysis (WIOA) was used in GIS to distinguish the susceptible areas of the region. The layers used in this model include distance from the fault, the quality of the structures, vicinity to roads, vicinity to open spaces, fire station, gas station, and the topography of the studied region. The results showed that only 13.94% of the studied region is in a favorable or very favorable condition in terms of susceptibility during crisis. 47.37% of the region is in an average condition. Finally, 38.69% of the region is in unfavorable or very unfavorable condition in this regard. This necessitates precise, systematic planning before, during, and after crisis for protection, repair, and maintenance of the ancient monuments of the region

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Author(s): Bashir BeigBabaee Naser Egbali

Keywords

historical monuments, Bazaar of Tabriz, District 8, WIOA

 
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