alexa Abstract | Multiple Pancreaticoduodenal Penetrating Gunshot Trauma Evolving into Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis. A Combined Surgical and Minimally Invasive Approach

JOP. Journal of the Pancreas
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Abstract

Context Shotgun injuries are the cause of increasing surgical problems related to the proliferation of firearms. Gunshot pancreaticoduodenal traumas are unusual in urban trauma units. Their management remains complex because of the absence of standardized, universal guidelines for treatment and the high incidence of associated lesions of major vessels as well as of other gastrointestinal structures. Surgical treatment is still controversial, and the possibilities offered by the safe and effective miniinvasive techniques seem to open new, articulated perspectives for the treatment of pancreaticoduodenal injury complications. Case report We present the case of a 27- year-old man with multiple penetrating gunshot trauma evolving into acute necrotizing pancreatitis, treated by combining a surgical with a mini-invasive approach. At admission, he presented a Glasgow Coma Score of 4 due to severe hemorrhagic shock. First, surgical hemostasis, duodenogastric resection, multiple intestinal resections, peripancreatic and thoracic drainage were carried out as emergency procedures. On the 12th postoperative day, the patient underwent re-surgery with toilette, external duodenal drainage with Foley tube and peripancreatic drainage repositioning as a result of a duodenal perforation due to acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Eight days later, following the accidental removal of the peripancreatic drains, a CT scan was done showing a considerable collection of fluid in the epiploon retrocavity. Percutaneous CT-guided drainage was performed by inserting an 8.5 Fr pigtail catheter, thus avoiding further reoperation. The patient was successfully discharged on the 80th postoperative day. Conclusions The treatment of multiple pancreaticoduodenal penetrating gunshot traumas should focus on multidisciplinary surgical and minimally invasive treatment to optimize organ recovery.

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Author(s): Mario Testini Giuseppe Piccinni Pasquale Pedote Germana Lissidini Angela Gurrado Domenica Lardo Luigi Greco Rinaldo Marzaioli

Keywords

Abdominal Injuries, Drainage, Firearms, Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing, Wounds and Injuries

 
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