alexa Abstract | Noise, Calpain, Calpain Inhibitors, and Neuroprotection: A Preliminary Report of Tinnitus Control

The International Tinnitus Journal
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Paper Open Access


Frequently, noise-induced hearing loss is associated with the symptom of tinnitus. Preliminary results in the animal model after noise exposure suggest that the calpain inhibitor leupeptin may protect against noise-induced hearing loss. A final common pathway for cell destruction and cell death (i.e., apoptosis) is the calpain hypothesis. Calpain is a normal, intracellular, cytosolic protease activated by excess intracellular calcium. Calpain inhibitors (AK275, AK295) have been shown to provide neuroprotection in the central nervous system. A collaboration of basic science and clinical research efforts focusing on calpain antagonists and inhibitors was established in New York in 1997; the initiators are attempting to develop neuroprotective drug therapy regimens for hearing and balance system complaints, particularly hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo. Both calpain inhibitors and antagonists are being developed and are being investigated with perfusion techniques of the inner ear, in vitro and in vivo, for their effects on peripheral and central portions of the cochleovestibular system

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): Abraham Shulman


calpain, intratympanic drug therapy, leupeptin, neurodegeneration, neuroprotection, protease, calpain, intratympanic drug therapy, leupeptin, neurodegeneration, neuroprotection, protease

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version