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Introduction: The elderly have multiple factors that impair their health. In Medellín were no documented researches on the most prevalent diseases in this population. Objective: To describe the health profile of elderly population of the metropolitan area of Medellin, Colombia, 2013. Methods: Prevalence study in a retrospective cohort of 2276 older adults from a program of control of blood pressure. Global and specific prevalences were calculated by sex, prevalence ratios, Student t and binary logistic regression were done in SPSS 21.0 ® Results: The lower prevalence of disease were mental (5.0%), blood (4.7%), skin (1.8%) and tumors (0.9%); others reported higher prevalences than 14%; endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases with 51.6%. The prevalences were statistically higher in women with the following differences: mental 90%, blood 76%, musculoskeletal 69%, infectious 62%, endocrine 39%, nervous 26% and digestive 33%. In most diseases was there association with age. Conclusion: The most prevalent diseases and their distribution by sex and age were shown, this is crucial to the planning and management of health services, identifying care needs and implementing further research in older adults.
adulto mayor, salud, prevalencia, CIE-10, Colombia.