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Original Articles Open Access
Ardisia solanacea Roxb. belongs to family Myrsinaceae. It is commonly known as adavi mayuri, is used traditionally in the treatment of many diseases. Traditionally, the root stocks of A. solanacea is reported to be used in cases of fever and pain whereas the leaf has hepatoprotective and the other parts of this plant can be used in fits, snake bite, dropsy, internal injuries, febrifuge, diarrhoea, rheumatic pneumonia, eye pain, stimulant, carminative, stomachache after child birth. But yet, the plant root stock has not been explored scientifically for its pharmacognostical, phytochemical details. Therefore, the study of morpho-anatomical characters, physicochemical analysis and phytochemical investigation was undertaken to establish the pharmacopoeial standards. The organoleptic, powder and histological studies of root stocks showed specific diagnostical characterstics. The plant root stocks were subjected to determination of ash value, extractive value, moisture content and fluorescence analysis. The powdered drug was extracted successively with various solvents by increasing polarity and extracts were screened for various phytochemical compounds. The results of these examinations delineate the presence of tannins, alkaloids, flavanoids, saponin glycosides. The outcome obtained from preliminary evaluation on the plant can be utilized as a basis for anatomical identification and preparation of monograph of the plant.
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Author(s): Jamal Basha D Srinivas Murthy B R Prakash P Kirthi A and Anuradha K C
Ardisia solanacea, morpho-anatomical, phytochemical compounds, phytochemical investigation