alexa Abstract | Prevalence and Cardiovascular Risk Factors at a University Community in Armenia Colombia

International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
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Abstract

Objective: This work sought to identify the prevalence and cardiovascular risk factors within a university community in Armenia, Quindío. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during 2015, which used as population 216 individuals from a university community in Armenia, Quindío, including students, faculty, and administrative staff. The variables included were socio-demographic, lipid profile, glycaemia, nutritional variables, habits like exercise, cigarette smoking, and history of diabetes and hypertension. The variables were analysed for mean, standard deviation, and confidence intervals with a comparative analysis by gender. The differences among the groups were calculated with multiple regression analysis and chi square for the analysis of categorical variables. Results and Conclusions: This study found that the risk of having a cardiovascular episode in the next 10 years within a university population with a mean age of 33.64 years was 2.54%, according to the Framingham scale, which corresponded to 97.7% of the participants in the study. Only 2.3% of the participants had medium and high risk, which corresponded to the administrative staff group. The main factor that differentiates the groups with regard to cardiovascular risk is age; another risk factor identified in this study was glycaemia. With respect to habits, cigarette smoking and consumption of bakery goods were identified as cardiovascular risk factors.

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Author(s): Olga Alicia Nieto Caacuterdenas Mercedes Gonzaacutelez Lorena Rodriacuteguez Nieto

Keywords

Cardiovascular risk, Framingham scale, Metabolic risk, Nutritional risk, Risk factors, Cardiovascular risk, Framingham scale, Metabolic risk, Nutritional risk, Risk factors

 
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