alexa Abstract | Prevalence of HIV and the risk behaviours among injecting drug users in Myanmar

International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)


Background: Myanmar has one of the largest HIV positive populations in Asia and injecting drug use represents one of the major causes of HIV transmission.

Aim: the aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and the risk behaviours among injecting drug users in Myanmar.

Methods: A cross sectional study was designed to collect the data among injecting drug users enlisted in the state harm reduction programme in selected regions.

Results: Of the 590 participants, 152 (25.8%) were HIV positive. Female (OR 5.96. 95% CI 1.31;30.45), using ‘used syringes’ (OR 1.81. 95% CI 1.23;2.68) and sharing syringe when first used drugs (OR 2.98. 95% CI 2.00;4.44) and injecting drugs past six months (OR 3.36. 95% CI 1.50;6.15) were significant risk factors. Age (p=<0.001) and frequency of drug use per day (p=0.022) were also statistically significant. HIV positive IDUs were more likely to use disposable syringes (OR 3.0. 95% CI 1.50;6.15) and were less likely to share syringes (OR 3.41. 95% CI 1.71;6.96) during their last drug use. HIV positive IDUs were also more likely to check for VDRL (OR 1.89. 95% CI 1.26;2.84) and more likely to be VDRL positive (OR 1.90. 95% CI 1.11;3.26).

Conclusion: HIV positive respondents used disposable syringes and few shared syringes the last time they injected drugs. This could probably be due to the education they received in the needle exchange programme centres.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Lin Aung Swe Abdul Rashid


Injecting drug use, HIV, risk behaviours, Myanmar

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version