alexa Abstract | Probable mechanism(s) of antifungal activity of SJA-95, a heptaene polyene antibiotic

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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Research Article Open Access

Abstract

A new strain, streptomyces sp. S. 24 was isolated from a soil sample collected from Japan. The strain produced heptaene polyene antibiotic, SJA-95, in submerged culture and found to elicit promising antifungal activity against yeasts, filamentous fungi and clinical isolates, both in vitro and in vivo. Experimental studies were carried out using biological methods to understand the probable mechanism(s) of antifungal activity of SJA-95. Our experimental findings suggest that SJA-95 binds more avidly to ergosterol, the sterol in fungal cell membranes, than to cholesterol found in mammalian cell membranes. Such preferential binding of SJA-95 to ergosterol might help to establish its usefulness as a chemotherapeutic agent with lesser adverse reactions.

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Author(s): SK Desai SR Naik

Keywords

Antifungal, cholesterol, ergosterol, heptaene, preferential binding

 
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