alexa Abstract | Serum vitamin A levels in children with protein energy malnutrition

Current Pediatric Research
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Abstract

Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is central to paediatric mortality in most developing and underdeveloped countries. Deficiency of essential macro molecules such as proteins and weight loss has also been demonstrated in cases of PEM. This study is therefore designed to investigate the effect of malnutrition on serum vitamin A, which is essential for the visual cycle. The serum vitamin A level, serum albumin and body mass index of a total of 197 children was estimated. The test subjects included 99 malnourished children (with protein energy malnutrition) aged between 1-5 years and 98 apparently healthy age-matched children control. The mean ± SD of vitamin A, body mass index (BMI) and albumin of malnourished children (26.7 ± 19.7iu/L, 14.4 ± 3.7kg/m2 and 2.4 ± 0.5 g/dl) were significantly decreased (P<0.05) when compared with the control (128.2 ± 56.9iu/L, 22.7 ± 2.0 kg/m2 and 4.1 ± 0.5g/dl) respectively. The mean levels of vitamin A, BMI and serum albumin of the marasmic children and those suffering from kwashiorkor were both equally significantly decreased (P<0.05) when compared to the controls. When comparison was done between malnourished children suffering from kwashiorkor and the marasmic children, significant decrease (P<0.05) was observed in serum albumin (P<0.05) of children suffering from kwashiorkor but not in serum vitamin A level and BMI. The study shows that vitamin A level is significantly lowered in malnourished children irrespective of the class of protein energy malnutrition and its supplementation is highly recommended for this category of children.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): Ikekpeazu Ebele J Neboh Emeka E Maduka Ignatius C Ezedigbo Azubike N Odetunde Tola

Keywords

Protein energy malnutrition, serum vitamin-A, children Accepted April 07 2009

 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords