alexa Abstract | Smoking is Associated with Increased Risk of Osteoporosis in Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Journal of Bone Reports & Recommendations
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus, in particular Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), is a common metabolic disease with increasing prevalence throughout the world. Musculoskeletal (MSK) complications of DM are the most common endocrine arthropathies. Osteoporosis is considered a global public health problem currently affecting over than 200 million people. Osteoporosis is the most common systemic skeleton illness that characterized by reduce of bone mass and disruption of bone architecture resulting an increased risk of fragility fractures which represent the main clinical consequence of the disease. Smoking is associated with multiple complications of diabetes; the risk of complications associated with tobacco use and diabetes in combination has been stated to be approximately 14 times higher than the risk of either smoking or diabetes alone.

Objective: To assess the association of smoking with osteoporosis in diabetes mellitus patients. Patients and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 150 patients with diabetes mellitus mainly type 2. All patients were seen in the Department of Rheumatology in Hilla Teaching Hospital. Patient’s data were obtained via face-toface interview performed by a rheumatologist. DM related data, such as duration, Smoking history, drug use (oral hypoglycaemic drugs, insulin), Body Mass Index (BMI), patient send for DEXA (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) to confirm diagnosis of osteoporosis, also after exclusion of other causes of osteoporosis by exclusion criteria which done by many hormonal and other laboratory investigations.

Results: Among 150 patients with DM, 60.70% were females and 39.30% were males, as the females predominant in the study. There is an association between osteoporosis and age <50 years (p<0.004) due to most patients were female at premenopausal age. There is significant association between smoking and osteoporosis in DM patients (p<0.002), Also, BMI show no significant association with osteoporosis in DM patients as most of patients were obese or overweight with increase bone mineral density.

Conclusion: There is significant association between smoking and osteoporosis in DM patients.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): Tahir Alsaadawi

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus, Arthropathies, Osteoporosis, Rheumatology, Bone mineral density, Musculoskeletal, Hip Replacement, Osteonecrosis, Osteopetrosis, Spinal Stenosis

 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version