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Clinical Science Open Access
Electrocochleographic recordings after changes of middle-ear and intracranial pressure were studied in a group of otologically normal subjects and in patients with suspected Meniere's disease. Electrocochleography performed under these conditions was called stress electrocochleography. It was useful to distinguish among Meniere's disease, benign positional vertigo, and a round-window fistula. Changes of middle-ear pressure, whether positive or negative, always resulted in a rise of the SP/ AP ratio. Raised intracranial pressure after Trendelenburg positioning showed fluctuations of the SP/ AP ratio in both normal subjects and symptomatic patients. However, in normal subjects, a congruent pattern of these fluctuations was apparent, whereas symptomatic patients exhibited a discordant pattern. The discordant pattern, typical for Meniere's disease, showed an increase of the SP voltage, whereas the AP voltage decreased. In benign positional vertigo, the SP voltage decreased, and the AP voltage increased, once during Trendelenburg positioning and again at the end of the test when starting position was resumed. During raised intracranial pressure after the Queckenstedt maneuver, round-window fistulas showed an increase of the SP voltage, whereas the AP voltage decreased considerably. At our clinic, stress electrocochleography has become an important neurootological test in the differential diagnosis of Meniere's disease.
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Author(s): Burkhard Franz Peter Altidis and Bandale Altidis
benign positional vertigo, cervicogenic otoocular syndrome, electrocochleography, electrovestibulography, intracranial pressure, Meniere's disease, middle-ear pressure, perilymphatic fistula, Queckenstedt, stress electrocochleography, Trendelenburg