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Research Article Open Access
Objective: Ultrasonography (USG) and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a valuable diagnostic modality for the evaluation of musculoskeletal pathologies. Aim of the study was to evaluate usefulness of ultrasound and MRI in diagnosis and further management of various musculoskeletal pathologies and to compare the usefulness of USG with colour doppler and MRI in imaging of musculoskeletal system.
Methods: A prospective study of 90 patients with musculoskeletal pathology was carried. The study group consists of patients with complain of pain, swelling, deformity, restriction of movements and / or history of trauma to soft tissue. These patients were first subjected to ultrasound examination. Patients with positive USG findings involving muscle and tendon were undergone MRI. The result of USG and MRI then evaluated and compared.
Results: In our study, Males were more commonly affected than females. Majority of patients had traumatic etiology. Most commonly affected region was thigh. Shoulder was more prone to trauma. Younger age group commonly showed Infective pathologies, Traumatic pathologies were more seen in middle age group while older age group showed malignant neoplasms.
Conclusion: Both USG and MRI are quite useful modalities for diagnosis of musculoskeletal pathologies. Advantages of sonography is its easy availability, low cost with dynamic capability, repeatability and comparison with opposite side favouring its use in initial basic investigation while MRI provides better soft tissue contrast, multiplanner capability and helps in delineating the location of lesion and in staging of tumour
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Author(s): Falguni ShahHemangi PatelDipali shahShital TurakhiaNila Gandhi and Parth Darji
USG, MRI, Muscle, Tendon, Malignant tumour