alexa Abstract | Subjective tinnitus and its association with use of ear phones among students of the College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria

The International Tinnitus Journal
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Research Article Open Access

Abstract

Introduction: The ear can be damaged by excessive noise levels. Noise can arise from variety of occupational/ recreational sources causing tinnitus, hearing loss and hyperacusis. The use of different types of ear phones for entertainment has become very common/fashionable among our youths. Objectives: This research aims to determine the prevalence of use of ear phones for entertainment and the prevalence of subjective tinnitus in students in an urban university setting; and the relationship between the two.

Methods: This is a descriptive, cross sectional study of students of the college of medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria from January to April 2012. A total of 388 willing participants (203 males, 185 females) were recruited by stratified random sampling from the 14 student hostel blocks. A self administered questionnaire was used. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 17.0.1.

Results and Conclusion: The prevalence of earphone use among the students and subjective tinnitus was 95.6% and 20.6% respectively. More than 90% of the ear phone users had duration of ear phone use of duration of 3 to 6 years.

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Author(s): Oghu Dibaal Sunny Chinyere Nkiruka Asoegwu Somefun Oladapo Abayomi

Keywords

hearing loss, noise-induced, questionnaires, tinnitus

 
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