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Clinical Science Open Access
The reversal phase of caloric nystagmus is provoked when the lateral semicircular canal in a patient is reoriented from a vertical to a horizontal plane at the cessation of the caloric first phase, which we called the provoked caloric second phase. In investigating the clinical significance of the provoked caloric second phase, we recruited 102 vertiginous patients who had measurable caloric responses in both ears but no disorders of the central nervous system. We recorded the provoked caloric second phase in 188 (92%) of 204 ears in 102 patients. The average maximum slow-phase velocity of the caloric first phase was 26.9 degrees per second, and that of the provoked caloric second phase was 5.0 degrees per second. The maximum slow-phase velocity of the provoked caloric second phase correlated with that of the foregoing caloric first phase ( r .84). Thus, we consider that the provoked caloric second phase is influenced largely by the foregoing caloric first phase. Furthermore, in the patients who responded normally to caloric stimulation, the directional preponderance of the provoked caloric second phase correlated with the directional preponderance of optokinetic after-nystagmus ( r .64). Hence, we conclude that the provoked caloric second phase reflects central vestibular asymmetry in patients with normal peripheral vestibular function.
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Author(s): Sachiko Aoki Yasuko Arai Natsumi Ide Eisaku Sugiura and Keisuke Miyajima
caloric nystagmus, human, optokinetic after-nystagmus, positional change, second phase