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Research Article Open Access
Background and purpose: Minor trauma is one of the most common causes of referral to treatment centers. One of the complaints of patients with minor trauma is pain, which is very inconvenient for the patients. Acupressure as an inexpensive and noninvasive method can be used to control pain. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of acupressure on pain in patients with minor injuries.
Method of study: In a clinical trial, of patients with Minor trauma admitted to shohadaye Ashayer hospital, Khorramabad- Iran, patients who met inclusion criteria, were randomly divided into 2 groups: acupressure (N=80) and false points (N=80). Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS Pain) was completed before intervention for groups. In the acupressure group, points SP6, LI4, Yin Tang, for 3 min per point, was massaged, in false points group, massage of points with distance of 3 cm from the origin points and by using duration and techniques similar to acupressure group, was performed. After the intervention, the pain of the patients by the VAS was completed for the groups. To analyze the data, ANOVA, paired t-test and Wilcoxon tests were used.
Results: Patients were matched in terms of demographic data. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in pain between the two groups, acupressure and false groups. But after the intervention, significant differences in pain scores between the two groups, acupressure and false, was observed (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the results obtained, the use of acupressure for points LI4, SP6, Yin tang, can be effective in reducing pain in patients with Minor trauma, so nurses can use it as a safe, simple, effective and inexpensive non-pharmacologic solution for control pain in patients with minor trauma.
Minor trauma, Pain, Acupressure, Innovative primary care, Comprehensive primary care, Advanced concepts in primary care