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Research Article Open Access
Participants will experience more positive affect from exercise. Music may play a major role on In-task affect of subjects. The previous studies indicated that there are conflicting results in regard to music's effect on the affect of exercise participants. What are the more benefits of exercising in the preferred music condition than exercising in the no music condition on In-task affect? The purpose of this study was to examine the preferred music's effect on In-task affect of untrained young adult's male's participation during progressive ergo meters cycling. The participants were 20 untrained young adult's males [Age (yrs): 24.65 ± 2.41 and BMI (Kg/m2): 22.64 ± 2.58] that randomly selected from 24 students in a stationary bike cycling class. The independent variable was music and the two music conditions were preferred Iranian music and no music. The dependant variable was the subject's affect, which was measured with Hardy and Rejeski’s (1989) bipolar Feeling Scale, which was designed specifically for exercise. During the first class session of the study, the participants learned how to complete the Feeling Scale and how to exercise with stationary bike cycle based on the YMCA's sub maximal cycle test protocol. During the next class sessions, preferred music and no music conditions were used. The exercises and order of exercise in each class session was consistent. All subjects exercised alone in all two music conditions by used headphone. In order to determine whether there were any statistically significant differences in the In-task affect of subjects during cycle ergo meter exercise, a two-tailed independent samples t test was used for comparing of affect's means between the training & preferred music group and the training & no-music group. The results indicated no significant differences in the mean scores for In-task affect in the training & preferred music condition as compared to the training & no-music conditions. These results were similar to any workload and to total condition. Preferred music and no music have the same effect on subject's affect and no differences observed between them. The results did not add any evidence that music had a significant positive effect during exercise. A mixed-method research study that consist of both quantitative and qualitative methodology may better help to understand the extent to which music actually enhance subject's affect while exercising.
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Author(s): Reza Nikbakhsh Ardeshir Zafari
Music, Cycling, Affect, Exercise.