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Arterial Hypertension (AH) isdescribed as one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about its etiology.This study aimed to determine the prevalence of AH, as well as characteristics related to the presence of its inherited aspect among individuals Â from the urban region of Oran city in Algeria. A Transversal study from January 2010 to January 2011, population-based study, of 620 participants with random sampling showed a prevalence of HTN at 51.6 % in this sample ,with amean age of 50.6Â±8.92, 73.33% was female hypertensive, 31.25% male hypertensive and 62.5% with a family history of Arterial Hypertension, among them : 46% with a maternal a family history (FH), 31% with a fraternal FH, 20% with a paternal FH and 4% with a dead fraternal FH, 41% had a family history of cardiovascular disease where those with a stroke family history : 36.58% had a maternal FH, 12.19% with a paternal FH and 7.31% with a fraternal FH, 13.41% with a dead fraternal FH. Those with a family history of Myocardial infarction (MI) were: 9.75% with a maternal FH of MI,14.63% with a paternal FH, 4.86% with a fraternal FH, 2.43% with dead fraternal FH. Another characteristic of this hypertensive population is that 75% had AH associated with Type 2 Diabetes.these findings will constitute a data base for genetic studies in order to a better understanding of the gene contribution in the heritability of blood pressure.
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Author(s): Amrani Asma Sid Ahmed Chawki Lamara Farida Mesli Talebbendieb Mohamed bey Baba Hamed Zoubir Ahmed Fouatih