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Research Article Open Access
The present study was conducted in order to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise performed regularly for twelve weeks on blood lipid and lipoprotein levels, total fat, hip circumference (HC), and insulin-resistance among obese women were used. Thirty two obese volunteer women underwent 12 weeks of aerobic training. The training intensity was established according to the maximal heart-rate reserve (HRR). They were randomly assigned to two groups: a test group and control group. Training group performed aerobic exercise at target heart beat rate of 55 to 70% for 1 h/day for 3 days per week during 12 week-trial. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were performed before and after the training periods. The test group showed a significant decrease in body-mass-index, body fat percent, and in Hip circumference. In addition, we find a significant increase in HDLc. The training program induced a significant reduction of LDLc, Total cholesterol (TC) and a significant improvement in insulin resistance. In adition, the training program induced significant reduction in body mass and body fat percentage. Triglyceride (TG) levels were not affected by the training program. In conclusion,12weeks aerobic exercise program performed without a special diet in obese women may be led to favorable effects on blood lipid profile and Insulin resistance.
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Author(s): Banaeifar Abdolali Sohaily Shahram Parsian Heshmatollah and Rahmanimoghadam Neda
Obese women, lipids, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, aerobic exercise.