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Neurotology Open Access
Tinnitus is a pathological event caused by abnormal stimulation of any point along the acoustic pathway. Generally, it produces a sharp tone accompanied by hearing impairment. Currently, no widely used standard protocol for treatment of this condition exists, and vascular microthrombotic factors are considered as the main determinants. Prompted by such observations, we implemented a protocol using an anticoagulant, sodium enoxaparin. It is a kind of heparin with a low molecular weight and is endowed with antithrombotic activity. We studied 40 patients (ages 20-65 years) who had been experiencing tinnitus for at least 2 months. We divided patients into two groups: To the first group, enoxaparin was administered for 10 days; the patients in the second group were treated with traditional therapy (corticosteroids, vasoactive agents, multivitamins, and anticoagulants). At the beginning and at the end of the therapy period, the patients were evaluated by instrumental examinations. All patients treated with anticoagulant therapy have shown an evident abatement of their tinnitus symptom. No patient experienced side effects from this treatment. The results indicate that administration of sodium enoxaparin is an excellent mode of therapy for patients with tinnitus.
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Author(s): Renzo Mora Angelo Salami Marco Barbieri Francesco Mora Giulio Cesare Passali Saverio Capobianco and Jacques Magnan
Microthrombotic factors, sodium enoxaparin, tinnitus