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Research Article Open Access
Background and Objectives: Although the number of adolescents admitted to in-patient treatment with alcohol intoxication (AIA) has strongly risen in many countries, knowledge about this patient population with respect to risk and resilience factors is lacking. The objectives of this study were (1) to explore whether the prevalence of substance use and use-related problems in a sample of AIA is elevated compared to adolescents from the general population and (2) to investigate which biopsychosocial factors are associated with prior problematic alcohol use in AIA.
Methods: In a cross-sectional naturalistic study 65 AIA (M and SD age 15.2 ± 1.6 yr) completed questionnaires and were interviewed the morning after admission in two pediatric hospitals in the City of Dresden, Germany. Assessment included substance use, alcohol use disorders, and risk and resilience factors for problematic alcohol use.
Results: Elevated prevalence rates were found for alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, binge drinking, smoking, and illicit substance use. Exploratory analyses revealed that deviant peer affiliations, a positive family history of alcoholism, an elevated alcohol tolerance, and a parenting style characterized by less supervision and strictness were associated with problematic alcohol use.
Conclusions: The investigated risk and resilience factors for problematic alcohol use should be included in the clinical decision regarding psychosocial interventions following hospitalization.
Adolescents, Alcohol use disorders, Alcohol intoxication, AUDIT, Risk factors, Alcohol Health Risks, Chronic Alcohol Abuse