alexa Abstract | An Automatic Deconvolution Method for Modified Gaussian Model using the Exchange Monte Carlo Method: Application to Reflectance Spectra of Synthetic Clinopyroxene
ISSN: 2381-8719

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access


Deconvolution analysis of reflectance spectra has been a useful method to infer mineral composition and crystal structure. Many of the recent deconvolution analyses of reflectance spectra of major rock-forming minerals, such as olivine and pyroxene, have been based on a modified Gaussian Model (MGM). The numerical algorithm of the widely used MGM, however, utilizes the steepest descent method, which has a local minima problem. With inaccurate initial parameters, the steepest descent method converges into a local minimum, thus the analyzer must manually adjust initial parameters and calculate the model repeatedly to obtain the desired solution. In order to avoid the local minimum problem, we utilized Bayesian spectral deconvolution with the exchange Monte Carlo method, which is an improved algorithm of the Markov chain Monte Carlo method, aimed to both avoid local minima traps and remove the arbitrariness originated from initial parameters. We applied the model to visible to near infrared reflectance spectra of 31 synthetic clinopyroxene samples with wide ranging Mg, Fe and Ca compositions (solid solution). We obtained results consistent with the previous studies based on conventional MGM analyses, suggesting that the exchange Monte Carlo method can yield results consistent with the conventional MGM analyses purely based on the observed data. We also find that the center wavelengths of 1 μm absorption bands of high-Ca pyroxene samples have a linear dependence on Fe/Mg component. Both 1 μm and 2 μm absorption bands seem to follow approximation lines in the three-dimensional spaces of center wavelengths, Ca and Fe components. The successful application of the exchange Monte Carlo method to a wide range of clinopyroxenes would have a potential to expand the applicability of MGM to a variety of space/ground-based observations, especially when we cannot rely on prior information of the mineralogy.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Peng K Hong, Hideaki Miyamoto, Takafumi Niihara, Seiji Sugita, Kenji Nagata, James M Dohm and Masato Okada


Pyroxene, Synthetic mineral, Reflection spectroscopy, Spectral deconvolution, Modified Gaussian model, Monte Carlo method, Exploration Geophysics, Forensic Geology, Geologic Time Scale, Geological Engineering

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version