Research Article Open Access
Introduction: The main goal of surgery and multidisciplinary behavioral therapy in anorectal malformations (ARMs) is to achieve good anatomical and functional outcomes and a better quality of life. Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 146 patients with ARMs was conducted over a 20 years period in our pediatric surgery department. The clinical and demographical data, operative protocols, short and long term outcomes were subject to assessment. Results: The patient series included 85 boys and 61 girls aged between one day and two years, of which 82.19% were diagnosed in the first few days of life by means of clinical examination and current imaging tests. In 26.02% of cases we found associated congenital abnormalities. A total of 142 (97.25%) cases of all our series underwent surgical treatment; four patients died before surgery. For 131 children the definitive treatment involved posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) respectively 11 posterior sagittal anorectovaginourethroplasty (PSARVUP). Long-term followup in 115 patients showed good clinical continence in 82 cases (71.30%) but more than half of the teenagers had body dissatisfaction and social difficulties. Conclusions: Through this review of 20 years of experience our findings are consistent with other reports regarding male predominance, low birth weight, clinical and imaging diagnosis. We found however a lower incidence of associated abnormalities. The most frequent surgical intervention was posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) or posterior sagittal anorectovaginourethroplasty (PSARVUP), both followed by satisfactory functional outcome reporting nevertheless moderate social insertion. Our experience in ARMs proved the effectiveness of the consecrated surgical strategy; long-term assistance for patients and their families should be improved.
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Author(s): Iulia Ciongrad, Gabriel Aprodu, Claudia Olaru1, Gabriela ÈtefÄnescu, Ileana Ioniuc, Nicoleta Gimiga, Magdalena Iorga, Ioan Sârbu and Smaranda Diaconescu