alexa Abstract | Artificial Intelligence and Neurology

Journal of Biomedical Systems & Emerging Technologies
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Abstract

Computers and information technology has played a pivotal role in the advancement of healthcare. Artificial Intelligence (AI) in medicine has significantly evolved over the last few decades, now making it possible to initiate its involvement in real world clinical practice. AI can also be incorporated in a personalized, integrated, adaptive and context aware environment creating the so called Ambient Intelligence (AmI). Neurology is a discipline of medicine that deals with the disorders of nervous system. Large amount of literature exist in regards to utilization of AI and AmI in several aspects of neurology. Using AmI, individual’s neurological function can be monitored around the clock for early recognition of neurological disorders. Electroencephalography and electromyography data can be interpreted by AI with high accuracy. Treatment responses can be monitored objectively by AmI in many conditions like movement disorders and epilepsy. Large quantity of data produced in the neurocritical care units can be processed by AI for better monitoring, treatment and outcome prediction. AI can reduce the cost of care and may potentially benefit remote parts of the world by playing role of an expert adviser. In this brief article, author has discussed the application and potential of AI and AmI in neurology. Some obstacles in their development are briefly discussed and several speculations about their future are made.

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Author(s): Sumul Modi

Keywords

Neurology, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Ambient Intelligence (AmI), Pervasive healthcare, Artificial Life, Automatic Technology, Artificial Taste and Smell

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