700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ ReadersThis Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
Research Article Open Access
Background: Hypertension (HT) is a public health challenge due to its high prevalence, and being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. HT is a multifactorial disorder with genetic and environmental interactive factors. Aim: This study aims to evaluate association of angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism (I/D) with blood pressure among Egyptian patients with essential hypertension and the interrelationship with other clinical parameters. Subjects and methods: Eighty four patients with essential hypertension were included in this cross sectional descriptive study. Venous blood samples were withdrawn for DNA extraction, determination of different genotypes of ACE gene (I/D) polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and measuring serum ACE levels, lipid profile, blood sugar and creatinin. Results: The frequency of different ACE genotypes were; 41.7% homozygous (DD), 45.2% heterozygous (ID) and 13.1% homozygous (II) indicating that (D) allele is significantly associated with essential hypertension. Also serum ACE level was significantly correlated with ACE (I/D) polymorphism (p=0.001). Patients with DD genotype had the highest serum ACE level followed by patients with ID genotype and patients with II genotype had the lowest serum ACE level. Conclusion: ACE (I/D) polymorphism is associated with increased serum ACE activity and consequently with increased risk for essential hypertension and its complications.
Hypertension, Polymorphism, Multifactorial, Angiotensin converting enzyme, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Hypertension, Polymorphism, Multifactorial, Angiotensin converting enzyme, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)