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Research Article Open Access
Background/Aim: The aims were to investigate the association of breastfeeding (BF) duration with maternal postpartum weight retention (PPWR) at 12 months after delivery.
Methods: In this prospective cohort study, mothers were interviewed at birth, and at 3, and 12 months after delivery to gather information on socio-demographic and reproductive maternal characteristics, BF initiation, BF pattern at 3 months and BF duration, as well as to measure maternal anthropometric indicators.
Results: A negative association between BF intensity at 3-months and maternal PPWR was found at 3-months and 12-months after delivery. In adjusted multivariable linear regression, for each month of EBF increase between birth and 3-months postpartum, there was a mean decrease of 0.21 kg in maternal long-term PPWR; and for each month of any BF increase between birth and 12 months postpartum, there was a mean decrease of 0.11 kg in maternal long-term PPWR. Maternal younger ages weakened the negative long-term effect of BF on PPWR and the greater levels of maternal pre-gestational body mass index annulled the effect of any BF on PPWR.
Conclusion: This study supports the evidence that BF improves the reduction of PPWR and suggests that encouraging prolonged EBF and any BF may contribute to decrease PPWR.
Postpartum, Maternal weight, Breastfeeding, Mother Health, Post Partum, Pregnancy Care