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Research Article Open Access
Majority of the world’s population lives close to the coast and is highly development on coastal resources, which are being exploited at unsustainable rates. Since the martial law was lifted in 1987, the government has permitted development projects in coastal areas. However, rapid growth and overexploitation have led to significant degradation of coastal environments. To protect and sustain marine ecosystem functions, species, and habitats, proactive conservation measures are needed. One of the most effective measures is the establishment of marine protected areas. The government authorities in Taiwan have already created a number of protected areas, areas of interest to protect in coastal areas and to achieve the goal as 10% MPA by 2020. Meanwhile, Taiwan’s government reorganizes to improve and streamline the administrative efficiency in recent years. As regards to the ocean authority, researchers and concern groups are recommend to establish the ocean institute to manage and enforcement the coast areas. This study focuses on the problems of the current situation of coastal areas in Taiwan. Then discuss the mechanisms and functions to establish the marine protected area to ensure sustainable marine futures and coastal governance, especially for those coastal communities who most depend on it. Finally talk about the new institute Ocean Affairs Council (OAC) in the coming future in Taiwan.
Coastal management, Marine protected area, Coastal governance, Taiwan, Coastal Management and Implementation