alexa Abstract | Does Disclosure of HIV/AIDS Status to Children with HIV/AIDS Affect their Mental Health?
ISSN: 2378-5756

Journal of Psychiatry
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access


Objectives: The paper assessed the prevalence of disclosure, factors responsible for awareness and effect of disclosure on the mental health of HIV-infected children at the HIV clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria (UITH). Methodology: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 196 HIV-positive children between 6-17years at the HIV clinic of UITH. A two-staged study was carried out: a first stage in which a questionnaire designed by the researchers was administered followed by a screening instrument- the Child Behaviour Questionnaire (CBQ) to parents/caregivers and children; and a second stage interview using the K- SADS-PL. In the second stage, a score of seven or more and approximately 30% of those scoring less than seven were selected on the CBQ as this represents the best trade-off between a high sensitivity and low false positive rate. Result: About Eighteen percent (18%) of the children were aware of their HIV/AIDS status. Among the 19.4% of the study population with mental health problems, 11% were aware of their status. However, the children’s awareness of HIV status was not associated with mental health problems, Pearson X2 (1.93, N=196), p= 0.16. Children who were aware of their HIV status were more likely to be adolescents, were in secondary schools, were more likely to be from the Hausa tribe, had younger fathers and had mothers who were HIV positive, Pearson X2 (16.514, 31.836, 7.877, 15.393 and 10.149 respectively, N=196), p ≤ 0.01, <0.01, 0.01, <0.01 and 0.006 respectively. Conclusion: Despite the fact that disclosure of a child’s HIV status did not necessarily result in development of psychiatric disorders in the present study, awareness of HIV status is still relatively low among the age group. However, it delineates the role of socioeconomic and demographic factors in determining the level of awareness of children about their HIV status

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Mary Oluwatosin Adefalu*, Mosunmola Florence, Tunde-Ayinmode, Baba Awoye Issa and Adewole Adebola Adefalu.


Disclosure, Mental health, Children, adolescents, Addiction Psychiatry, Mental Disorders, Mental Health Facilities

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version