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Research Article Open Access
Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH) models are usually used to analyse time series data with high volatility clustering. In this paper, we analyse the effects of Granger Causality Model (GCM) and Error Correction Model (ECM) in analysing a time series and accordingly, we simulate two series of data using the GARCH1 model which are used for the analysis. The choice of the simulation model is based on its ability to capture volatility and heteroskedasticity. GCM2 and ECM3 models’ parameters are investigated for adequacy. Results from Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF), Phillips PerronPhillips Perron (PP) and Kwiatkowski Philips Schmidt Shin (KPSS) tests indicate stationarity in the data as expected. GCM is built to demonstrate all the long term relationships. The two series Granger Caused each other. A linear ECM is also fitted and there is evidence that a short-term relationship exists between these two series. A high threshold value exists at the second lag, an indication of simple smoothing in the data. The residual deviance was greater than the degrees of freedom asserting that the model perfectly fit the data, supported by high R2 value of 0.871. Residuals from the fitted linear model are also stationary. The study concludes that ECMs and GCMs are appropriate in analysing time series. It is recommended that a similar study be undertaken but with a combination of ARMA Auto Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) Process and GARCH models. Further study should also be conducted on tail clustering analysis.
Granger causality, Error correction model, Simulation, Economics, Volatility, Economic Capital, Financial Economics, Hospitality Management, Industrial and Management Optimization, Innovation Policy and the Economy, Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Economic indicator, Total Quality Management (TQM), Value based Management, Entrepreneurial Development, Management in Education, Classical Economics, Monetary Neutrality, Econometrics, New Economy, Welfare Economics, Development Economics, Economic Transparency, Globalisation, Game theory