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Research Article Open Access
An integration of sensing environment with the numerous deployments of sensor nodes in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) causes the severe security threats and hence the trust assurance mechanisms are required. For the large scale WSN, the existence of a number of intermediate nodes is responsible for the data forwarding to the sink node. Due to the battery operated sensors, the recharge and replace mechanisms suffer from the energy conservation and minimum network lifetime. The identification of fault nodes on the transmission path plays the major role in energy conservation. With the dense deployment of sensor nodes, the failures in node and link are high that disrupts the entire communication. This paper proposes the suitable alternative fault-free path prediction model to perform the communication among the nodes. Initially, the sensor nodes are deployed in the WSN environment. Once the initialization of source and destination nodes are over, the path between them is predicted through the Hamiltonian path prediction model. During the failure, scenario, this paper estimates the node and link parameters such as Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), queue size, response time, and bandwidth are individually estimated and group them into the Quality Factor (QF). Based on the QF, the proposed work predicts the fault-free link to alleviate the unnecessary transmissions to the fault node and reduces the energy consumption. The comparison between the proposed Hamiltonian Path-based Hyper Cube (HPHC) network with the existing fault detection mechanisms regarding the performance measures such as Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), fault node detection rate, throughput and end-to-end delay assures the effectiveness of HPHC in WSN communication.
Link failure handling, Link quality factor, Reliable data delivery, Routing protocol, Stable routing, Wireless Sensor Networks