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Research Article Open Access
Shadow detection is a very important pre-processing step for remote sensing applications, particularly for high spatial resolution data. This study adopts the high resolution aerial images to investigate the shadow detection issue. Testing three shadow detection methods (Brightness method, Nagao’s method, NIR method), and look for a suitable shadow detection method for high radiometric resolution aerial images. We also discuss the differences for each method. The results indicate Brightness method and Nagao’s method are significantly better than NIR method. NIR often confuses water bodies with shadows due to the low reflectance of water. The data space we used, Nagao’s modified intensity and brightness are better than NIR channel to discriminate shadows from non-shadows, and the two methods are both not easily confused with shadow and water bodies. In our study, we found that most of cases presented shadow in the histogram of first mode, and the first valley detection thresholding is a robust way to detect the shadow threshold of histogram. A good data space and defining the optimum thresholding method will affect histogram thresholding result.
Shadow, ADS-40, High radiometric resolution, Mountainous regions, Geomatics, Geophysics, Geovisualization