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Research Article Open Access
Background: The levels of expression of Heparin binding-epidermal growth factor like growth factor (HB-EGF) mRNA in tumor tissues and normal tissues of the excised kidney were compared in order to clarify the role of HBEGF inrenal cell carcinoma (RCC) derived from the proximal tubule. Method: Normal and tumor tissues were collected from surgical specimens of 16 cases pathologically diagnosed with RCC. Total RNA was extracted from these samples, and the level of expression of HB-EGF mRNA was measured by real-time quantitative PCR using a TaqMan probe after reverse transcription. Glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) was used as an internal standard. The expression levels of HB-EGF mRNA in normal and tumor tissues of the same case were compared, and statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the expression level and various clinical-pathological factors in RCC. Results: Expression of HB-EGF mRNA was detected in 82% (13/16) of the normal tissues and 63% (10/16) of the tumor tissues. The expression level in the normal tissues was significantly 7-fold higher than that in the tumor tissues. No significant association was detected between the expression of HB-EGF mRNA and the clinical stage or prognosis of RCC. However, the pathological findings indicated that negative expression of ratio of HB-EGF was higher in RCC with more-advanced malignant progression. Conclusion: Our results indicated that it was unlikely that HB-EGF might play a role in determining the aggressiveness or clinical features in RCC. However, the decreased expression of HB-EGF mRNA in RCC tissues indicates that tumorigenesis of RCC may disrupt the normal regulatory system of HB-EGF.
Renal cell carcinoma, HB-EGF, Messenger RNA, Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction , Comparative Oncology, Clinical Oncology, Cellular Oncology