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Case Report Open Access
This study examines the geostatistics and spatial relationships between annual, seasonal and monthly rainfall in Iran for the period 1975-2014. Precipitation variation models were com-pared in Iran deriving from six geostatis-tical, four regression and five spatial models, using monthly data. A geostatistical and spatial statistical analysis consisting of two measurement sub-models was created based on monthly accumulated precipitation; the data was the monthly and seasonal amounts for the period 1975 - 2014, and were estimated from 140 stations. The results of the new geostatistical-spatial statistical analysis model showed that average monthly precipitation se-ries in Iran were revealed to follow Gaussian distribution given their histogram plots and closeness of their mean and median values. On average, monthly precipitation ranged from 3.22 mm in April to 47.157 mm in December in Iran. The suitable interpolation of monthly precipitation indicates that the accuracy of spring precipitation interpolation (RMSE=0.558) can be applied by IDW (Cross-validation). The kriging interpolation of monthly precipitation indicates that the accuracy of autumn precipitation interpolation (RMSE=0.0822) can be applied by probability kriging of autumn precipitation. The empirical Bayesian kriging interpolation of monthly precipitation indicates that the accuracy of autumn precipitation interpolation (RMSE=0.357) can be applied by empirical Bayesian kriging of autumn precipitation. The temporal-spatial distribution of the precipitation station locations has been studied using the ANN tool of the spatial statistics toolbox of ArcGIS 10.3. Based on the calculated Moran’s Index, approximately all months’ precipitation (with the exception of February) has the monthly spatial distribution of the clustered type. The High/Low Clustering of stations’ monthly precipitation has been studied using the HLC tool. Based on the calculated g-index, approximately all months’ precipitation (except for February and March) has the monthly spatial distribution of the high-clusters type.
Geostatistical modeling, Geostatistical-spatial model, Geostatistical-spatial variations, Precipitation variations, Precipitation, Soil Contamination, Building Material, Soil Moisture, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Impact, Environmental Issues, Water Resource, Material Engineering, Pollution Control, Water Quality, Transport Engineering, Wastewater Treatment Plant, Environmental sustainability, Computation Fluid Dynamics, Geotechnical Engineering, Evapotranspiration, Foundation