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Research Article Open Access
Kotler research found that there are four strategy in placing advertising i.e., uniform pulsing, maintenance pulsing, and impulse pulsing. There is relationship between sales and intensity advertising. This research is to find relationshipintensity bank advertising and bank promotion cost to bank operational profit. Intensity advertising obtained from a national daily newspaper, promotion cost and operating profit obtained from bank quarterly report publicly. Research object divided to four kind of bank i.e. state enterprise bank, private bank, regional bank, and Sharia bank. Research found that advertising behavior of the four banks same with Kotler theory, but promotion costs and operating profit not followed the theory. Quantititive analysis found that regional bank advertising did not effect the operational profit. Sharia banks did not determinate behavior advertising and promotion costs as an important thing to made operating profit. Recommendation as one shot research, it must be done in longitudinal research. It is better find another kind of promotion bank that could be analyzed.
Banking, Profit, Advertising, Accounting Information, Marketing Analysis, Financial and Nonfinancial Information, Computable General Equilibrium Model, Financial Reporting Standard, E-Retailing Market, Electronic Commerce, Capital Markets, Corporate Governance Structure, Management Accounting, Nasdaq, Intellectual Capital Disclosures, Finance and accounting, Marketing management, Assessment Scales, Stock Return Predictability, Chief Marketing Officer, Marketing-Accounting-Finance Interface, Income Smoothing, Business Strategy