alexa Abstract | How Daphnia (Cladocera) Assays may be used as Bioindicators of Health Effects?
ISSN: 2332-2543

Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species
Open Access

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Abstract

Cladoceran daphnids are among the most widely chosen aquatic invertebrates for ecotoxicology, since early 1900s. The use Daphnia bioassays in monitoring water quality is due a number of reasons, such as daphnid sensitivity to chemicals and their easy culturing, and because they are important members of aquatic food chains. The genome sequence accessibility of Daphnia pulex (first crustacean to have a sequenced genome) has expanded to explore broad-ranging biological disciplines, including host-parasite interactions, and evolution, physiology, microbiology, molecular biology, pathology, and genetics. Genetic screening allows identify genes underlying that function within a biological process and/or pathway of interest for humans. This review attempts to relate the use of Daphnia model in the prospect of human health effects. To date this research is still in its infancy but there are good approaches that could be satisfactory to find this relationship.

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Author(s): Antonietta Siciliano, Renato Gesuele, Giovanni Pagano and Marco Guida

Keywords

Daphnia spp., Water fleas, Ecotoxicology, Genetic effects, Biodiversity management, Biodiversity solution, Conservational biology

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