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Research Article Open Access
Sutherlandia frutescens is a popular South African plant commercially available in a range of formulations. However, reference standards for quality and stability assessment are lacking. This work reports the development and validation of a reversed phase HPLC method for the analysis of flavonoid glycosides and their corresponding aglycones in S. frutescens products. Five materials containing either leaf powder (LP) or spray-dried aqueous extract (SDAE) of S. frutescens were analysed for flavonoid content. A primary objective was to isolate non-commercially available flavonoid glycoside compounds (sutherlandins) for use as reference standards. Sutherlandins A, B, C and D were successfully isolated, and used, with other flavonoid compounds for HPLC assay development. The developed HPLC method was linear in the range of 0.2 to 60 μg/ml for quercitrin; 0.2 to 120 μg/ml for quercetin and kaempferol; 0.2 to 200 μg/ml for rutin and kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside; 4 to 180 μg/ml for sutherlandins A and D; and 4 to 200 μg/ml for sutherlandins B and C. Percentage content of sutherlandins A, B, C and D, quercetin and kaempferol in different plant materials were significantly different (P<0.001). The developed HPLC method is simple, precise and robust; and can be employed for the simultaneous determination of flavonoid glycosides and aglycones for quality control of S. frutescens products.
Flavonoid, HPLC assay, Sutherlandin, Quality control, Validation, Flavonoids, Plant Medicine, Glycosides