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Case Report Open Access
Behcet disease (BD) is a chronic multisystem disorder characterized predominantly by recurrent episodes of occlusive vasculitis. According to the accumulated data, it is seen that intracranial hypertension generally develops secondary to the cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in BD. In the study, it was aimed in light of literature to discuss a case where intracranial hypertension occurred without venous sinus thrombosis. A 36-year-old female was evaluated for the symptoms of blurred vision in her left eye for the last 3 months and transient visual obscurations in her right eye beginning 3 days ago. It was found out that the patient had been diagnosed with BD one and a half months ago. Fundus examination revealed bilateral swollen optic discs. Lumbar puncture revealed an opening pressure of 360 mm H2O, with normal composition. The patient was diagnosed with intracranial hypertension developing secondary to BD according to modified Dandy criteria. Methylprednisolone 1000 mg intravenously (IV) for 5 days, followed by prednisolone 60 mg po, was administered. A significant improvement was observed in the complaints and papilledema of the patient. Inflammation could play a significant role in the intracranial hypertension developing without venous sinus thrombosis in BD. As a result, BD should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with intracranial hypertension especially in areas where the disease prevalence is high.
BD, Occlusive vasculitis, Intracranial hypertension, Inflammation, Medical Case Reports