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Research Article Open Access
In previous work with Pittmann-Polletta, we showed that a loop in a simply connected compact Lie group has a unique Birkhoff (or triangular) factorization if and only if the loop has a unique root subgroup factorization (relative to a choice of a reduced sequence of simple reflections in the affine Weyl group). In this paper our main purpose is to investigate Birkhoff and root subgroup factorization for loops in a noncompact type semisimple Lie group of Hermitian symmetric type. In previous work we showed that for a constant loop there is a unique Birkhoff factorization if and only if there is a root subgroup factorization. However for loops, while a root subgroup factorization implies a unique Birkhoff factorization, the converse is false. As in the compact case, root subgroup factorization is intimately related to factorization of Toeplitz determinants.
Noncompact groups, Birkhoff factorization, Weyl group, Noncompact groups, Birkhoff factorization, Weyl group