alexa Abstract | Main Barriers in Control of Energy-Protein Deficit in Critical Oncologic Patient at Nutritional Risk
ISSN: 2329-6771

Journal of Integrative Oncology
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access


Introduction: The Nutrition Risk in Critically ill (NUTRIC) score is a specific tool for assessing the nutritional risk in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Under these conditions, it is extremely important to monitor Enteral Nutrition Therapy and identify main barriers in the control of energy-protein deficit.
Objective: To identify main barriers to control the energy-protein deficit in critically ill patients at nutritional risk, on enteral nutrition (EN) and on mechanical ventilation (MV).
Methods: Prospective, observational, descriptive study was conducted in an ICU in 2015. Patients >19 years of age on MV and underwent EN for >72 hours. The data collected were NUTRIC score, Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Cachexia Syndrome, APACHE II, SOFA, ICU time, MV and EN times and main barriers for pausing EN. The protein-calorie deficit was compiled into total days of EN.
Results: Total of 62 patients, 22 were excluded, 40 analyzed. The scores were NUTRIC 7 (+0.7), APACHE 26 (+5.2), SOFA 11.5 (+2.2), Body Mass Index 23.2 (+6.2) kg/m², 47% malnourished (SGA B+C), 70% cachexia syndrome and mortality rate of 52.5%. Among these patients, 77.5% underwent early EN and percentage of volume prescribed infused was 89%. It was observed total deficit of -296 (+339) calories and -28 (IQ -58:-2.95) g/protein. Main barriers for pausing EN were extubation 38%, hemodynamic instability 29%, tracheostomy, diarrhea and vomiting, both 6.5%. There was a statistically significant difference between calorie (p<0.003) and protein (p<0.002) deficits in the subgroups of adult patients compared to malnourished elderly patients with cachexia syndrome: -358.9 (+305) calories and -33 (+14.24) g/protein; -91.6 (+190) calories and -18.8 (+7.96) g/protein, respectively.
Conclusion: The main barriers in control of energy-protein deficit in critical oncologic patient at nutritional risk on EN and on MV were extubation and hemodynamic instability.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Ronaldo Sousa Oliveiro Filho, Ana Carolina Tamburrino, Vinícius Somolanji Trevisani and Vitor Modesto Rosa


Enteral nutrition, Critically ill patient, Malnutrition, Cancer, Cellular Oncology, brain tumour, SNP,Antibody Therapy

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version