alexa Abstract | Maintenance of the E.coli dcm Methylation of the CMV Promoter, in Contrast to Hypomethylation of the Recognition Sequence of Transcription Factor NFkB in Transfected GBM Cells
ISSN: 2168-9849

Cloning & Transgenesis
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access

Abstract

The human cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate early promoter has been extensively used to drive target gene expression in transgenic mammalian cells. DNA methylation of the CMV promoter has been shown to be the reason for a reduced promoter activity and silencing of the target gene. We have established an in vitro model system, in which human brain cancer cells (glioblastoma multiforme, GBM) were transfected with pAdTrack-CMV-GFP plasmid, isolated from a dcm positive (dcm+) E. coli strain. We found that in two CCTGG sequences located at position from -304 to -300 nt and from -497 to -493 nt of the CMV promoter region, the internal C was methylated in all analyzed clones, i.e., the E. coli dcm methylation pattern is maintained in the CMV promoter region after its integration into the human genome. In contrast, we found that the recognition sites for the transcription factor NFkB and certain other transcription factors in the enhancer region of the CMV promoter (from -107 to -270 nt) were hypomethylated. This might explain why the CMV promoter maintained an active mode, driving the GFP expression despite the demonstrated methylation of the CMV promoter. We noticed that the CCTGG sequence is also contained in the binding sequence motif of transcription factor NFkB. Hence we have comprehensively studied transcription factors through a database searching, and the responsive elements that contain dcm methylation sequences CCW(A/T)GG. A list of transcription factors and the corresponding regulated genes are presented.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Dock H, Sjögren H-O, Salford LG, Widegren B and Xue Z-T

Keywords

Adenovirus, Gene therapy, Promoter methylation, Plasmid DNA, Transcription factor, Gene targeting,Gene expression, gene therapy

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
 
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords