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Research Article Open Access
Injection molding is one of the most important forming processes for thermoplastic polymers. Setting the injection molding parameter such as injection pressure, injection speed, cooling time and packing pressure plays a very important role in controlling the quality of the products forming by injection molding process. Taguchi approach is a widely used technique for optimizing the molding process parameters. This paper presents a simple and efficient way to study the influence of injection molding parameters on defects percentage. Using Design of experiments and Taguchi approach, the significant parameters are optimized to minimize the defects percentage of the most common defects (inverted label and incomplete plastic filling) that appeared in thin walled containers for food packaging. The results of the experimental study indicate that Injection speed and Injection pressure are the dominant factors determining the quality. The injection speed of 300 CCm/Sec give lower inverted label defect and the injection pressure of 2000 bar give lower incomplete filling defect.
Plastic injection molding, Taguchi optimization, Process optimization, ANOVA, Inverted label defect, Incomplete plastic filling, Nonlinear Dynamics, Process Engineering, Stochastic Control