alexa Abstract | Pattern, Causes and Treatment Outcomes of Neonatal Admission in the Tamale Teaching Hospital
ISSN: 2090-7214

Clinics in Mother and Child Health
Open Access

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Research Article Open Access

Abstract

Background: The burden of neonatal morbidity and mortality remains a major health challenge, and contributes hugely to deaths among children under five years old, especially in developing countries.

Objective: This study established the pattern, causes and treatment outcomes of admitted babies at the neonatal intensive care unit of the Tamale Teaching Hospital.

Method: A retrospective health facility based study was conducted by reviewing available data covering the period January 2013 to December 2015.

Results: A total of 4409 cases were reviewed out of which demographic data were complete for 3973 cases. Males were dominant 54.0% (2146) compared to females 46.0% (1827). Admissions were significantly common (χ2=457.3, P<0.001) among neonates ≤ 2 days old 62.0% (2947). The commonest cause of neonatal admission was sepsis (29.2%), followed by prematurity/low birth weight (26.9%), birth asphyxia (16.2%) and congenital anomalies (7.1%). Majority 82.7% (3220) of the neonates were successfully treated and discharged. However, 16.0% (621) of the neonates expired before or during treatment, while 1.1% (42) were transferred and 0.3% (10) absconded. Neonatal deaths were commonly associated with prematurity/low birth weight (44.8%), birth asphyxia (24.6%), neonatal sepsis (13.5%), and congenital anomalies (6.8%).

Conclusion: The relatively high number of neonatal cases coupled with the mortality rate observed requires a holistic approach to pregnancy care from conception to delivery, aimed at reducing neonatal morbidity and mortality.

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Author(s): Walana W, Acquah Ekuban KS, Abdul-Mumin A, Naafu B, Aruk E, Vicar Kofi E, Kampo S and Ziem Benogle J

Keywords

Neonatal, Sepsis, Prematurity, Low birth weight, Care to be Taken for New Borns, Maternal Psychology, General Care Taken for Mother and Child

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