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Research Article Open Access
Protic Ionic Liquids (PILs), a substantial branch of the infamous Ionic Liquids (ILs) have gained much attention in recent years. They have been the “go-to” solvent of choice in many areas such as chromatography, catalysis, fuel cells, biological applications etc., due to their thermophysical properties and their ability to be tunable based on task specificity. This review covers two parts, namely; a brief description on the thermophysical properties of acetate PILs (density, speed of sound, viscosity and decomposition temperature) and its current applications in the industry. The collation of the physicochemical data consents structure-property trends would be discussed, and these can be used as a foundation for the development of new PILs to achieve specific properties. Economically, PILs have been suggested as “greener” alternatives to conventional solvents in various industrial applications hence, in order to assess their suitability for such purposes, a thorough evaluation of their mutagenicity, toxicity and carcinogenicity is crucial.
Protic ionic liquid, Thermophysical property, Acetate ionic liquids, Chemical science and Applied Science