alexa Abstract | Report of Two Dental Patients Diagnosed with Hypophosphatasia
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Case Report Open Access

Abstract

Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited skeletal disorder characterized by defective bone mineralization and tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) deficiency, with mutations in the gene encoding the TNSALP isozyme the cause. As for dental manifestations, premature loss of primary teeth due to disturbed cementum formation is well known and tooth roots in affected patients are not able to adequately attach to absorbed alveolar bone due to malformed cementum. We report spontaneous early exfoliation along with mild to severe mobility of primary anterior teeth in 2 child patients referred to pediatric dentists from a general dental practitioner. Case 1 was a 1-year-7- month-old boy with 3 mandibular incisors exfoliated, while Case 2 was a 3-year-3-month-old girl with 1 mandibular central incisor exfoliated. The possibility of hypophosphatasia was considered and the patients were referred to the Pediatric Clinic of Osaka University Medical Hospital, where each was diagnosed with hypophosphatasia (odonto type). We performed repeated periodontal treatments and applied removable partial dentures in both cases, which solved esthetic and functional problems. Although the incidence is quite low, it is important to diagnose hypophosphatasia as early as possible for planning general and dental preventive approaches. In patients with mild forms, such as odonto and childhood types, early exfoliation of primary teeth identified in a dental examination can occasionally lead to early diagnosis of hypophosphatasia. In addition, dental findings obtained by a dentist are useful to identify patients with a risk of hypophosphatasia, who can then be immediately referred to a pediatrician for more detailed systemic examinations. Thus, a cooperative relationship between pediatricians and pediatric dentists should be regarded as necessary. This is the first known report to describe cases of hypophosphatasia diagnosed after referral from a pediatric dentist because of typical dental findings for the disorder.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image | Peer-reviewed Full Article image

Author(s): Rena Okawa, Taichi Kitaoka, Kanae Saga, Keiich Ozono and Kazuhiko Nakano

Keywords

Alkaline phosphatase, Cementum, Early exfoliation, Hypophosphatasia, Primary teeth, Medical Case Reports

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
 
 
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords