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Case Report Open Access
Introduction: Both totally extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TEP) and spermatic vein embolization are minimal invasive techniques gaining in popularity in the treatment of inguinal hernia and varicocele respectively. A previous spermatic vein embolization makes a TEP more difficult because of fibrotic changes of the spermatic vein. This is to our knowledge the first case report describing these difficulties and changes after spermatic vein embolization. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 37 year old male who presented with an uncomplicated left sided inguinal hernia and ipsilateral varicocele. He first underwent a percutaneous left spermatic vein embolization for a grade 3 varicocele and later a TEP for the inguinal hernia. Reduction of the peritoneum and proper mesh placement were complicated due to fibrotic changes of the spermatic vein. Due to the dissection and resection of the embolized spermatic vein there was minor blood loss, increased operating room time and postoperative pain was more then average. Conclusions: In case of a concomitant inguinal hernia and ipsilateral varicocele requiring embolization we propose to treat these diseases concomitantly or first treat the inguinal hernia and embolising the varicocele after repair of the hernia.