alexa Abstract | Traumatic Occipital-Cervical Dislocation in Children and Adolescents: Two Years Follow-up Case Report and Review of the Literature
ISSN: 2165-7939

Journal of Spine
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Case Report Open Access

Abstract

Background: Traumatic occipital-cervical dislocation (OCD) in children and adolescents is a rare and serious injury, which generally leads to death. For those who survive, there are usually severe and permanent neurological deficits.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to present the case of a 13-year-old boy with OCD, the treatment and results at two years follow-up.
Study design/setting: The study design includes a case report and review of the literature.
Methods: We present a case of OCD survivor, two years of follow-up care, and review of the literature regarding OCD.
Results: A 13-year-old boy was injured in a car accident in 2013. He was admitted to the emergency department with OCD and multiple trauma. After vital signs were stabilized, occipital-cervical spinal fusion was performed. He was discharged home four months after the injury in good general condition, with neurological deficits resulting from the head and spinal cord damage.
Conclusions: OCD in children and adolescents is quite rare and usually fatal. In spite of appropriate treatment (occipital-cervical fusion), the prognosis remains uncertain and at times poor due to irreversible neurological damage. Only a correct prompt diagnosis, along with immediate treatment initiation leads to survival.

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Author(s): Pawel Grabala

Keywords

Occipital-cervical dislocation, Hematoma, Multiple joint flexion, Cervical Laminectomy,Spine Surgery,Cervical spondylosis

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