alexa Abstract | Waste Amount Survey and Physio-Chemical Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Gujranwala-Pakistan
E-ISSN: 2252-5211

International Journal of Waste Resources
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Research Article Open Access


Due to rapid population growth, increased industrial development and enhanced living standard, the per capita waste generation rates has been increased in the urban areas. The composition of the solid waste varies from region to region depending upon the income level, climatic conditions, social behavior and industrial production; influencing the per capita waste generation. The current study attempts to document the waste generation rates, composition and physio-chemical characteristics of the municipal solid waste produced in the Gujranwala City. The study was carried out for 8 days from 9-16 February 2015. For all physio-chemical analysis and testing standard ASTM methods have been used. The results of the study reveals that, all waste types contains 67 % to 99.1 % organic waste except street sweeping which have the lowest organic content (30%).Whereas, non-biodegradable fraction varies between 0.5 % to 4.5 % for all types of wastes. The accumulative apparent specific gravity was found 234 kg/m3. The chemical parameters (moisture, ash and combustible fraction) were found within optimum range.

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Author(s): Kashif Nadeem*, Kiran Farhan and Hassan Ilyas


Waste amount, Waste composition, Chemical analysis, Coning an quartering, Waste density, Waste management, Solid waste management, Zero waste, E-waste

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