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DNA Barcoding is a taxonomic method which uses a short genetic marker in an organism’s DNA to identify its belonging to a particular species. Barcodes are also used to identify unknown species. The most commonly used barcode region for animals is segment of 600 base pairs of mitochondrial gene cytochrome Oxidase I.DNA barcoding first came to the attention of the scientific community in 2003 when Paul Hebert’s research group at the University of Guelph published a paper titled "Biological identifications through DNA barcodes". In it, they proposed a new system of species identification and discovery using a short section of DNA from a standardized region of the genome.Species identification using DNA barcodes starts with the specimen. Barcoding projects obtain specimens from a variety of sources. Some are collected in the field, others come from the vast collections housed in natural history museums, zoos, botanical gardens and seed banks to name a few.
Related Journals of DNA-based barcoding
Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Hereditary Genetics: Current Research, Human Genetics & Embryology, Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Journal of Cell Science & Therapy, DNA Research, DNA and Cell Biology, Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents, Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences, Mutation Research - DNA Repair